last edited 2010/07/11 11:10 (*
In a century which brought a lot of invention about mobility, recent developments only pretend to be real innovations, but mostly refinements of existing ideas, concepts and realizations. Solar Impulse
project around Bertrand Piccard is such a project.
Solar Impulse Plans
Solar Impulse (Illustration)
Solar Impulse Test Flight
- Crew: 1
- Payload: Lithium-ion batteries: 450 kg, (capacity: 200 Wh/kg = 90 KWh)
- Length: 21.85 m (71.7 ft)
- Wingspan: 63.4 m (208 ft)
- Height: 6.40 m (21.0 ft)
- Wing area: 11,628 photovoltaic cells: 200 m2 (2,200 sq ft)
- Loaded weight: 1600 kg (3,500 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 2000 kg (4,400 lb)
- Powerplant: 4× electric motors, 7.5 kW (10 HP) each
- Take-off speed: 35 kilometres per hour (22 mph)
- Cruise speed: 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph)
- Endurance: 36 hours (projected)
- Service ceiling: 8,500 m (27,900 ft) Maximum altitude: 12,000 metres (39,000 ft)
Wingspan Comparison of Solar Impulse vs Airbus 380
The wingspan comparison and weight comparison shows the key of energy efficiency: weight. Regardless in air or surface, the weight is a major factor as pointed out in other postings here. To build a 1600kg airplane where the batteries already use up 25% of the weight reveals also the main problem: storing (electric) energy, and currently (2010) electricity is stored in batteries, and those still impose a high weight cost.
I hope the research around Solar Impulse provides also new insights of efficiency of ground mobility and vice-versa.